IP TMM- Hydrocarbon Management Volume 2
New ISBN 9780852934227
HM 40 Guidelines for the crude oil washing of ships tanks and the heating of crude oil being transported by sea
Old ISBN 085293422X
Date Published: July 2004
Published by: Energy Institute
Essential reading for ship owners and operators, cargo surveyors, equipment manufacturers, marine terminal managers and all those concerned with the safe and efficient operation of the marine industry and its impact on the environment.
Safe handling of crude oil is paramount in the industry. This publication has been compiled with the aim of sharing the experiences of a large number of international oil companies. It provides guidance for the heating and crude oil washing (COW) of many crude oils that may be transported by sea. Companies operating tanker fleets have also contributed to the development of HM40, allowing the data to be reviewed by the marine industry at large.
As well as enhancing the current regulations regarding reducing marine pollution, the document is designed to advise the reader on the grades of crude oil that may give rise to an increase in Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) emissions if excessively used for COW. The document also highlights a number of crude oils that are know to be potentially harmful due to the concentration of benzene and or hydrogen sulfide.
This publication can be downloaded free of charge from the Energy Institute's website: www.energyinst.org.uk (under 'Technical - Publications to download')